The Rupa Jhanas - in Pali and English

Pali: Place your mouse cursor on the words and phrases to see the English for this excerpt

Katamo ca bhikkhave samma-samadhi?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicc'eva kamehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi, sa-vitakkam sa-vicaram vivekajam-piti-sukham pathamam jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Vitakka-vicaranam vupasama, ajjhattam sampasadanam cetaso ekodi-bhavam avitakkam avicaram, samadhijam-piti-sukham dutiyam jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Pitiya ca viraga, upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajano, sukha˝ca kayena patisamvedeti, yan-tam ariya acikkhanti upekkhako satima sukha-vihariti, tatiyam jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Sukhassa ca pahana dukkhassa ca pahana, pubbe va somanassa-domanassanam atthangama, adukkham-asukham upekkha-sati-parisuddhim, catuttham jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-samadhiti.


Pali & literal English: Place your mouse cursor on the words and phrases to see both the Pali and English for this excerpt

Katamo ca bhikkhave samma-samadhi?

Idha bhikkhave bhikkhu vivicc'eva kamehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi, sa-vitakkam sa-vicaram vivekajam-piti-sukham pathamam jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Vitakka-vicaranam vupasama, ajjhattam sampasadanam cetaso ekodi-bhavam avitakkam avicaram, samadhijam-piti-sukham dutiyam jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Pitiya ca viraga, upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajano, sukha˝ca kayena patisamvedeti, yan-tam ariya acikkhanti upekkhako satima sukha-vihariti, tatiyam jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Sukhassa ca pahana dukkhassa ca pahana, pubbe va somanassa-domanassanam atthangama, adukkham-asukham upekkha-sati-parisuddhim, catuttham jhanam upasampajja viharati.

Ayam vuccati bhikkhave samma-samadhiti.


English: Place your mouse cursor on the words and phrases to see the Pali for this excerpt

And what, monks, is right concentration?

There is the case where a monk -- quite secluded from sensuality, secluded from unskillful (mental) qualities -- enters & remains in the first jhana: rapture & happiness born of seclusion, accompanied by thinking & examining.

With the stilling of thinking & examining, he enters & remains in the second jhana: rapture & happiness born of concentration, unification of awareness free from thinking & examining -- internal tranquility.

With the fading of rapture, he remains in equanimity, mindful & clearly aware, and physically sensitive of pleasure. He enters & remains in the third jhana, of which the Noble Ones declare, 'Equanimous & mindful, he has a pleasurable abiding.'

With the abandoning of pleasure & pain -- as with the earlier disappearance of elation & distress -- he enters & remains in the fourth jhana: purity of equanimity & mindfulness, neither pleasure nor pain.

This, monks, is called right concentration.


From Chanting Discourses and Samyutta Nikaya 45.8 at the Access to Insight web site.

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